Integral functions of marine vertebrates in the ocean carbon cycle and climate change mitigation
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionMartin, A. H. Pearson, H. Saba, G. Olsen, E. M. (2021). Integral functions of marine vertebrates in the ocean carbon cycle and climate change mitigation. One Earth, 4 (5), 680-693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2021.04.019
In the last decade, the ocean has absorbed a quarter of the Earth’s greenhouse gas emissions through the carbon (C) cycle, a naturally occurring process. Aspects of the ocean C cycle are now being incorporated into climate change mitigation and adaptation plans. Currently, too little is known about marine vertebrate C functions for their inclusion in policies. Fortunately, marine vertebrate biology, behavior, and ecology through the lens of C and nutrient cycling and flux is an emerging area of research that is rich in existing data. This review uses literature and trusted data sources to describe marine vertebrate C interactions, provides quantification where possible, and highlights knowledge gaps. Implications of better understanding the integral functions of marine vertebrates in the ocean C cycle include the need for consideration of these functions both in policies on nature-based climate change mitigation and adaptation, and in management of marine vertebrate populations.