Photovoltaic facade systems in Norway: An assessment of energy performance, building integration, and costs
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In this master thesis, different PV facade systems located in Norway have been evaluated and analyzed. It will thus contribute to the ongoing development of a national database of BIPV. Also, technical and economic aspects of the PV systems are analyzed. Data series from the web-based monitoring systems have been evaluated, cross-sections of the PV facades are examined, and the economic costs associated with the PV systems have been evaluated. The specific yield and cost of the analyzed cases have been compared with simulated data and traditionally clothed facades and with each other. The results showed that the facade PV systems can be compared to the roof installations with regard to specific yield and with traditional facade cladding on cost. From May 2017 to April 2018, the annual specific yield is in the range 500-770 kWh/kWp for the analyzed cases. The facades have a more even annual distribution contrary to the summer season, which has a typical peak for the roof installation. When comparing the specific yield for the PV systems on the facades with the roof PV systems, the facade systems produced 80-98 % of the roof systems. As the development of installed PV systems are rapidly increasing, the importance of evaluating operative PV systems with regard to expected energy production and cost is necessary. The findings from this master thesis can be used as a guideline for expected specific yield and technical solutions on the PV facade systems in Norway.
Master's thesis Renewable Energy ENE500 - University of Agder 2018