Random dynamical system generated by the 3D Navier-Stokes equation with rough transport noise
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionCardona, J., Hofmanová, M., Nilssen, T. & Rana, N. (2022). Random dynamical system generated by the 3D Navier-Stokes equation with rough transport noise. Electronic Journal of Probability (EJP), 27. https://doi.org/10.1214/22-EJP813
We consider the Navier-Stokes system in three dimensions perturbed by a transport noise which is sufficiently smooth in space and rough in time. The existence of a weak solution was proved in , however, as in the deterministic setting the question of uniqueness remains a major open problem. An important feature of systems with uniqueness is the semigroup property satisfied by their solutions. Without uniqueness, this property cannot hold generally. We select a system of solutions satisfying the semigroup property with appropriately shifted rough path. In addition, the selected solutions respect the well accepted admissibility criterium for physical solutions, namely, maximization of the energy dissipation. Finally, under suitable assumptions on the driving rough path, we show that the Navier-Stokes system generates a measurable random dynamical system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first construction of a measurable single-valued random dynamical system in the state space for an SPDE without uniqueness.