A diversity of patterns: 10-year trajectories of men and women diagnosed with psychosis for the first time. A time-geographic approach
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonAndersson, G. Vrotsou, K. Denhov, A. Topor, A. P. Bülow, P. Ellegård, K. (2020). A diversity of patterns: 10-year trajectories of men and women diagnosed with psychosis for the first time. A time-geographic approach. Moravian Geographical Reports, 28 (4), 283-298. https://doi.org/10.2478/mgr-2020-0021
People with severe mental illness face a different ‘interventional’ landscape compared to some decades ago, when mental hospitals were dominant, in Sweden as well as in the rest of the Western world. The aim of the research reported in this article was to follow men and women diagnosed with psychosis for the first time over a 10-year period, and to explore what interventions they experienced. The interventions, here defined as “spheres”, were either community-based or institutional. A third sphere represents no interventions. Based on data from registers and using a time-geographic approach, the individuals were visualised as 10-year trajectories where their transitions between the different spheres were highlighted. The results show a great diversity of trajectories. Two main categories were detected: two-spheres (community-based and no interventions) and three-spheres (adding institutional interventions). One third of the population experienced only community-based interventions, with a higher proportion of men than women. Consequently, more women had institutional experience. Two sub-categories reveal trajectories not being in the interventional sphere in a stepwise manner before the 10th year, and long-term trajectories with interventions in the 10th year. The most common pattern was long-term trajectories, embracing about half of the population, while one-fifth left the institutional sphere before the 5th year.