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dc.contributor.authorStea, Tonje Holte
dc.contributor.authorVettore, Mario Vianna
dc.contributor.authorØvrebø, Bente
dc.contributor.authorAbildsnes, Eirik
dc.identifier.citationStea, T. H., Vettore, M. V., Øvrebø, B. & Abildsnes, E. (2023). Changes in dietary habits and BMI z-score after a 6-month non-randomized cluster-controlled trial among 6–12 years old overweight and obese Norwegian children. Food & Nutrition Research (FNR), 67, 1-15.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Effective prevention programs to address the high prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity and the concomitant health consequences have been warranted. Objective: To improve dietary habits and weight status among Norwegian children with overweight/obesity in the primary care setting. Design: A 6-month non-randomized cluster-controlled intervention among 137 children, aged 6–12 years, with overweight/obesity and their parents. Intervention and control groups were recruited by public health nurses and followed-up by 12 Healthy Life Centers across Norway. The intervention group received individual family counseling and participated in nutrition courses and physical activity groups. A frequency questionnaire assessing sociodemographic characteristics and dietary habits was completed by the parents. Trained public health nurses measured height and weight using standardized methods to calculate body mass index (BMI) and BMI z-scores. Results: The intervention resulted in an increased odds of consuming evening meals (OR: 3.42), a decreased availability of salty snacks (β = –0.17), a decreased intake of salty snacks (−0.18), an increased consumption of water (β = 0.20), and a decreased estimated total intake of energy (β = –0.17), carbohydrates (β = –0.17), mono- and disaccharides (β = –0.21), sucrose (β = –0.24), and saturated fatty acids (β = –0.17). The intervention directly predicted lower BMI z-score (β = –0.17), and post-treatment levels of energy (β = –0.65), saturated fat (β = 0.43), and total carbohydrates (β = 0.41) were directly linked to BMI z-score after intervention. Age and sex were indirectly associated with BMI after intervention through energy and saturated fat intake. Conclusions: The intervention had a beneficial impact on nutrient intake and weight status among children with overweight/obesity. These findings provide support for implementing complex intervention programs tailored to local primary care settings.en_US
dc.publisherSwedish Nutrition Foundationen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleChanges in dietary habits and BMI z-score after a 6-month non-randomized cluster-controlled trial among 6–12 years old overweight and obese Norwegian childrenen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2023 The Author(s)en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700en_US
dc.source.journalFood & Nutrition Research (FNR)en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal