A Conceptual Model for Blockchain-Based Agriculture Food Supply Chain System
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionEhsan, Ibtisam; Irfan Khalid, M., Ricci, L., Iqbal, J., Alabrah, A., Sajid Ullah, S. & Alfakih, T. M. (2022). A Conceptual Model for Blockchain-Based Agriculture Food Supply Chain System. Scientific Programming, Artikkel 7358354. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7358354
In agriculture supply chain management, traceability is a crucial aspect to ensure food safety for increasing customer loyalty and satisfaction. Lack of quality assurance in centralized data storage makes us move towards a new approach based on a decentralized system in which transparency and quality assurance is guaranteed throughout the supply chain from producer to consumer. The current supply chain model has some disadvantages like a communication gap between the entities of the supply chain and no information about the travel history and origin of the product. The use of technology improves the communication and relation between various farmers and stakeholders. Blockchain technology acquires transparency and traceability in the supply chain, provides transaction records traceability, and enhances security for the whole supply chain. In this paper, we present a blockchain-based, fully decentralized traceability model that ensures the integrity and transparency of the system. This new model eliminated most of the disadvantages of the traditional supply chain. For the coordination of all transactions in the supply chain, we proposed a decentralized supply chain model along with a smart contract.