Global Self-Worth among Adolescents : The Role of Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction in Physical Education
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionErdvik, I. B., Haugen, T., Ivarsson, A. & Säfvenbom, R. (2019). Global Self-Worth among Adolescents: The Role of Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction in Physical Education. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. doi: 10.1080/00313831.2019.1600578
Global self-worth is important for healthy development and learning, and is therefore highlighted as a major aim in the Norwegian physical education (PE) curriculum. Based on prior research this study aimed to assess potential differences in global self-worth and contextual basic need satisfaction among 2854 adolescents (47.5% boys, 52.5% girls, ages 13 and 16) participating in different movement contexts, and to determine whether basic need satisfaction in PE relates to global self-worth. Structural equation modeling analyses indicate that basic need satisfaction in PE relates significantly to global self-worth. However, adolescents who do not participate in movement contexts outside school report significantly lower basic need satisfaction in PE compared to their sports-active peers, and could possibly therefore experience reduced global self-worth development through PE. Findings support research showing that sports active youth reap most of the beneﬁts of PE, and thus, that PE violates the principles of equal education.