Beslutningsprosesser for veiledere i friluftsliv
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Original versionPedersen, S. (2021) Beslutningsprosesser for veiledere i friluftsliv (Master's thesis). University of Agder, Kristiansand.
The educational situation in nature is often more complex compared to other educational contexts. The surroundings and circumstances of the situation may change quickly, and the teacher needs to be flexible and have the necessary abilities to handle unexpected events (Collins & Collins, 2013). Outdoor teaching demands the ability to make good decisions in stressful and potentially dangerous situations (Boyes & O’Hare, 2003). In addition, the students need a safe environment to learn to make their own decisions (Lundhaug & Østrem, 2016). This study aims to investigate how outdoor teachers make good decisions, shed light on the prerequisites for making good decisions and to understand how the decision-making process is experienced by the teacher. The method of data collection of this study is a combination of participatory observation and individual in-depth interviews. The informants consist of four outdoor teachers from various institutions in higher education, all of them with broad experience of teaching in the outdoors. The data analysis buildson Giorgi’s (2012) descriptive phenomenological human scientific method. The results show that experience is essential for making good decisions in the outdoors. Experience provides increased confidence, flexibility, and situation awareness, in addition to adequate intuition. The teacher’s decisions aim to provide appropriate circumstances for the students to learn. In challenging situations, the teachers may use different decision-making strategies, in addition to that experience from similar situations makes the process easier to handle. Experience is thus fundamental in decision-making and handling demanding situations for outdoor teachers. Keywords: Outdoor education, decision-making, experience
Master's thesis in Sports science (ME517)