Peeling Back the Layers : A critical analysis of climate change adaptation policies and programs in relation to differential vulnerability. A study of the Áncash Region, Peru
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This thesis is grounded in the discourse on differential vulnerability and climate change. People throughout the world are disproportionately affected by climate change effects, and a growing number of researchers argue that climate change adaptation plans and measures need to address differential vulnerability in order to ensure human security.The aim of this thesis was to analyze the extent differential vulnerability is considered in contemporary policy-making and projects related to climate change adaptation in Peru. To do so, a qualitative research approach was used to study the inclusion of differential vulnerability in adaptation policies and projects in Peru. The analysis is based on secondary data from research articles, government documents and reports. Two government policies were analyzed, in addition to three projects implemented by three different organizations. To assess the extent these measures considered differential vulnerability, a theoretical framework outlining specific factors contributing to differential vulnerability was used. The main findings suggest that the Peruvian government has included a fewelements pertaining to differential vulnerability in its more recent adaptation policies. However, this inclusion is very limited and neither policies that have been analyzed address thecomplexsocio-economic, political andinstitutionaldimensions of differential vulnerability.The role of organizations in addressing differential vulnerability in Áncash were found to be low as well. The three organization, Practical Action, CARE and The Mountain Institute, have over the past decade implemented projects that specifically address certain issues that contribute to differential vulnerability. However, several key contributingfactors have been neglected by the organizations, and not all the implemented projectscreated positive results for the local people. As such, this thesis argues that organizations have played a lowrole in addressing differential vulnerability in Áncash.These findings contribute to the discourse on differential vulnerability and climate change and can help in the discussion on how adaptation plans can include factors contributing to differential vulnerability to increase people’s adaptive capacity.
Master's thesis Global development and planning UT505 - University of Agder 2019